IBM Research is IBM's research and development division. It is the largest industrial research organization in the world, with twelve labs on six continents. The roots of today's IBM Research began with the 1945 opening of the Watson Scientific Computing Laboratory at Columbia University. This was the first IBM laboratory devoted to pure science and later expanded into additional IBM Research locations in Westchester County, New York starting in the 1950s, including the Thomas J. Watson Research Center in 1961.
"There is nothing sinister about [the UPC code] nor does it have anything to do with the Bible's 'mark of the beast'. It is simply a coincidence like the fact that my first, middle, and last name all have 6 letters."
"The most important motivation for the research work that resulted in the relational model was the objective of providing a sharp and clear boundary between the logical and physical aspects of database management."