The University of Virginia is a public research university in Charlottesville, Virginia. UVA is known for its historic foundations, student-run honor code, and secret societies. Its initial Board of Visitors included U.S. Presidents Thomas Jefferson, James Madison, and James Monroe. UVA was established in 1819, with its Academical Village and original courses of study conceived and designed entirely by Jefferson. The first university of the American South elected to the Association of American Universities in 1904, UVA is classified as Very High Research Activity in the Carnegie Classification. The university is affiliated with 7 Nobel Laureates,and has produced 7 NASA astronauts, 7 Marshall Scholars, 4 Churchill Scholars, 29 Truman Scholars,and 50 Rhodes Scholars, the most of any state-affiliated institution in the U.S. Supported in part by the Commonwealth, it receives far more funding from private sources than public, and its students come from all 50 states and 147 countries.