John Bardeen

'The combined results of several people working together is often much more effective than could be that of an individual scientist working alone.'

May 23, 1908
January 30, 1991
Birth Place
Madison, Wisconsin, United States of America
Current Place
Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America


John Bardeen was an American physicist and electrical engineer, the only person to have wonthe Nobel Prize in Physics twice: first in 1956 with William Shockley and Walter Brattain for the invention of the transistor; and again in 1972 with Leon N Cooper and John Robert Schrieffer for a fundamentaltheory of conventional superconductivity known as the BCS theory. The transistor revolutionized the electronics industry, allowing the Information Age to occur, and made possible the development of almostevery modern electronic device, from telephones to computers to missiles. Bardeen's developments in superconductivity, which won him his second Nobel, are used in Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy or its medical sub-tool magnetic resonance imaging. In 1990, John Bardeen appeared on LIFE Magazine'slist of '100 Most Influential Americans of the Century.'

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