Heinrich Göbel

A German American precision mechanic and inventor.

April 20, 1818
December 4, 1893
Birth Place
Springe, Germany
Current Place
New York, New York, United States of America


In 1848, at the age of 30, Henry Goebel and his family emigrated to New York City. In 1881 Henry Goebel worked as a kind of consultant for the American Electric Light Co. Obviously there was a need for precision mechanics for the construction of electric lamps. Furthermore, he produced carbon filaments in his shop for the company. He finished this work after half a year and tried to start his own business in the field of incandescent light bulbs together with his friend John Kulenkamp. On April 30, 1882 the New York Times reported about an exhibition of incandescent light bulbs in Goebel's shop. According to this report Henry Goebel told the story, that the electric light was by no means as new an invention as it was popularly supposed to be and that he knew this kind of light since his time in Germany. He affirmed that he produced electric lights since the 1850s without giving technical details. The lamps at exhibition were incandescent light bulbs with carbon-filaments of high resistance made of fibres of reed. Two patents were granted to Henry Goebel in 1882, an improvement of the Geissler-System of vacuum pumps and a solution to connect carbon-filaments and metal-wires in a light bulb.

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