RNA Codon Translation

RNA Instructions for Synthesizing Proteins

Announcement / Release
around 1961
Birth Place
London, England, United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland


The Crick, Brenner, Barnett, Watts-Tobin experiment first demonstrated that codons consist of three DNA bases. Marshall Nirenberg and Heinrich J. Matthaei were the first to reveal the nature of a codon in 1961. Subsequent work by Har Gobind Khorana identified the rest of the genetic code. Shortly thereafter, Robert W. Holley determined the structure of transfer RNA (tRNA), the adapter molecule that facilitates the process of translating RNA into protein.

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