Announcement / Release
around 1957
Birth Place
Cambridge, England, United Kingdom


BCS theory is the first microscopic theory of superconductivity since its discovery in 1911. The theory describes superconductivity as a microscopic effect caused by a condensation of Cooper pairsinto a boson-like state. The theory is also used in nuclear physics to describe the pairing interactionbetween nucleons in an atomic nucleus. It was proposed by John Bardeen, Leon Neil Cooper, and JohnRobert Schrieffer in 1957; they received the Nobel prize in physics for this theory in 1972.

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